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Tuesday, January 5 • 8:00pm - 9:30pm
A-0022 Kulke, L.: Development and relation of predictive context processing and Theory of Mind

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Development and relation of predictive context processing and Theory of Mind

Louisa Kulke (1)(2)(3), Christian Valuch (2)(3)

(1) Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg; (2) Göttingen University, Germany; (3) Leibniz ScienceCampus Primate Cognition

During every day social interactions, humans sometimes need to resolve perceptually ambiguous situations in order to act appropriately. They therefore need an ability to understand other people’s beliefs (Theory of Mind), the development of which may depend on prior experience and contextual information. On a perceptual level, effects of predictive context can be measured using binocular rivalry paradigms. The current study related performance in such low-level paradigms with performance in Theory of Mind tasks. To investigate the development and relation of these skills, 12-13 year old children and 18-25 year old adults completed both a binocular rivalry task, using Virtual Reality goggles to measure perceptual expectations induced by a predictive temporal context, as well as two explicit Theory of Mind measures (the Reading the Mind in the Eyes Test and Strange Stories Test). Performance in the binocular rivalry paradigm was independent of age, with reliable predictive temporal context effects occurring in both children and adults. In contrast, Theory of Mind significantly improved with age. No positive relation between Theory of Mind and binocular rivalry measures was detected, indicating that lower-level predictive effects on perception and higher-level Theory of Mind related abilities may stem from different neurocognitive mechanisms. In summary, the influence of expectation on basic perceptual processing may be fully developed during early adolescence while developmental experience leads to further evolvement of more complex social cognitive skills such as Theory of Mind.

Tuesday January 5, 2021 8:00pm - 9:30pm CET